What causes ringworm?
- Ringworm is not caused by a worm. It is caused by a fungus. The kinds of fungi (plural of fungus) that cause ringworm live and spread on the top layer of the skin. They grow best in warm, moist areas.
- Ringworm is contagious. It spreads when you have skin-to-skin contact with a person or animal that has it. It can also spread when you share things like towels, clothing, or sports gear.
What are the symptoms?
- Ringworm of the skin usually causes a very itchy rash. It often makes a pattern in the shape of a ring, but not always. Sometimes it is just a red, itchy rash.
- Jock itch is a rash in the skin folds of the groin. It may also spread to the inner thighs or buttocks.
- Ringworm of the hand looks like athlete’s foot. The skin on the palm of the hand gets thick, dry, and scaly. And skin between the fingers may be moist and have open sores.
Preventing and Reversing Hair Loss
Hair loss isn’t just a male problem – many women experience it as well. There are a variety of factors that could play a part in female hair loss:
- Damaging effects of hair treatments or styling
- Twisting or pulling your hair
- Prescription drugs such as blood thinners and medications for gout, arthritis, depression, heart problems and high blood pressure
- Thyroid disease
- Iron deficiency. (Do not take iron unless you’ve been tested and your doctor has recommended a supplement – it can do more harm than good if you don’t need it.)
Fingernails tell a lot about your health.
- Beau’s lines are depressions across the fingernail. These lines can occur after illness, injury to the nail, and when you are malnourished.
- Brittle nails are often a normal result of aging. However, they also may be due to certain diseases and conditions.
- Koilonychia is an abnormal shape of the fingernail. The nail has raised ridges and is thin and curved inward. This disorder is associated with iron deficiency anemia.
- Leukonychia is white streaks or spots on the nails.
- Pitting is the presence of small depressions on the nail surface. Sometimes the nail is also crumbling. The nail can become loose and sometimes falls off.
- Ridges are tiny, raised lines that develop across or up and down the nail.
Ingrown nails, the most common nail impairment, are nails whose corners or sides dig painfully into the soft tissue of nail grooves, often leading to irritation, redness, and swelling. Usually, toenails grow straight out. Sometimes, however, one or both corners or sides curve and grow into the flesh. The big toe is usually the victim of this condition but other toes can also become affected.
Ingrown toenails may be caused by:
- Shoe pressure; crowding of toes
- Repeated trauma to the feet from normal activities